Standards ensure interoperability and compatibility of any Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) with all electric vehicles (EVs). Central Electricity Authority (CEA) and The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), the national standards body of India, is responsible for formulating electric vehicle (EV) charging standards for the country. Another important association for developing standards is Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI). ARAI develops standards for vehicles and its components.
BIS Standards for electric vehicle Charging
BIS is a member of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), which is the global body that is developing reference standards to ensure interoperability and minimize trade barriers for electric vehicles and their components. While Indian standards for electric vehicle charging are compliant with global standards, local climate considerations and the difference in vehicle types available in the country necessitate modifications that are specifically applicable to India.
Indian Standards For AC Charging
Indian Standards For DC Charging
Indian Standards For battery swapping
Central Electricity Authority (CEA) Standards
Central Electricity Authority seeks to make technical standards & regulations in the power sector of the country. CEA is primarily responsible for standards related to safety of power grid.
Central Electricity Authority (Measures relating to Safety and Electric Supply) Regulations
To find more about CEA measures relating to safety and electric supply, click below.
Central Electricity Authority (Technical Standards for Connectivity of Distributed Generation Resources) :
To find more about CEA technical standards for connectivity of distributed generation resources, click below.
Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI)
ARAI develops standards for vehicles and its components. These standards are marked as AIS-XXX standards. AIS-138 Part 1 specifies the charging requirements for AC Charging and AIS-138 Part 2 specifies the charging requirements for DC Charging for all electric vehicles (2/3/4) wheelers with the exception of trolley buses, rail vehicles and off-road industrial vehicles. As selection of equipment is critical in setting-up of electric vehicle charging station, mentioned below are the mandates required as per government as well as the AIS-Standard:
ARAI standards- AIS 138 Part 1 for EV conductive AC charging system
To find more about AIS 138 Part 1, click below.
ARAI standards- AIS 138 Part 2 for EV conductive DC charging system
To know more about AIS 138 Part 2,click here
Technical specifications for electric vehicle chargers vary across Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 charging stations across different countries. Table below showcases the mapping of different charger specification in India:
|S. No||Charging Station||Voltage (V)||Power (kW)||Type of Vehicle||Type of compatible charger|
|1||Level 1 (AC)||240||<=3.5 kW||4w ,3w,2w||Type 1, Bharat AC-001|
|2||Level 1 (DC)||>=48||<=15 kW||4w,3w,2w||Bharat DC-001|
|3||Level 2 (AC)||380-400||<=22 kW||4w,3w,2w||Type 1, Type 2, GB/T ,Bharat AC-001|
|4||Level 3 (AC)||200-1000||22 to 4.3 kW||4w||Type 2|
|5||Level 3 (DC)||200-1000||Up to 400 kW||4w||Type 2, CHAdeMO,CCS1,CCS2|